The glossary below includes the English terms employed in the context of the LINK EDU-RES project. These terms are also used in the context of comparative report Analysing National and Institutional Doctoral Regulation. The terms are used to describe for concepts commonly used in the context of doctoral education as provided across the universities part of the YERUN Network and the countries in which they are located. The definition therefore indicates how a particular term is understood in the context of the report and the project.

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There are currently 8 terms in this directory beginning with the letter D.

Final examination for the conclusion of the doctorate during which the research conducted by the candidate as laid down in the doctoral thesis is assessed by the defence committee. The defence can be either public or private and comprises different formats depending on the university and/or discipline.

Defence Committee
Committee responsible for the evaluation of the doctoral thesis and research at the defence. The requirements for the composition of defence committees may differ per university and/or discipline.

Defence procedure
Administrative procedure to be initiated by the candidate upon conclusion of the doctorate through which the candidate may progress to the conclusion of the doctorate. The defence of the thesis is an indispensable element of this procedure.

Based on agreements between participating institutions, the result of a doctorate may be: a) One diploma by multiple universities (i.e. result of a joint degree); b) Multiple diplomas by multiple universities (i.e. result of a double doctorate); c) One diploma issued by one university (i.e. result of a cotutelle)

Doctoral Committee
A faculty or university-wide body responsible for overseeing all matters related to doctoral education and training. In some universities, the doctoral committee may, for example, be responsible for both admission of doctoral candidates, overseeing training, and for granting candidates admission to the defence procedure.

Doctoral research
Research conducted independently by a doctoral candidate aimed at preparing a doctoral thesis under supervision of a supervisor, ultimately leading to the degree of doctor.

Programme consisting of at least doctoral research and a training programme with the objective of obtaining a doctoral degree.

Double doctorate
Doctorate consisting of doctoral research and/or a (joint) training programme conducted at two or more universities under the supervision of academics connected to the universities involved where the candidate fulfils the requirements set by all universities part of the double doctorate, ultimately resulting in multiple diplomas.